In the production of both cardboard and plastic packaging, carbon emissions are created, and greenhouse gases are emitted. Manufacturing plastic accounts for around 3.8% of global greenhouse gas emissions, where paper and cardboard accounts for around 1%1.
Both industries are looking to reduce their impacts via the use of renewable sources. The paper and board industry, in particular, is investing in by-products of their own waste being used as a source of fuel.
In Australia, 95% of households have access to kerbside waste collection, with 91% access for kerbside recycling2, which accounts for both cardboard and plastics recycling.
Plastics recycling is then split depending on the type of plastic, with hard plastic containers such as PET eligible for recycling via kerbside, but soft plastics needing to be returned to store, with acceptance varying by State and Terrirtory3.
Meanwhile, bio-based plastic products are considered a contaminate if they end up in recycling stream, and need to be collected separately. Currently fewer than half of the population’s households have access to kerbside organics collection2.